Originally there was no description of fundamental duties in the constitution. The 42nd Constitution amendment act has inserted part IV‑A with Art. 51A having a set of fundamental duties.
There are 10 fundamental duties which have been mentioned in Indian constitution. According to which, it shall be the duty of every citizen of India
- To obey the rules of the constitution and respect its ideals, institution‑ and the National anthem and the national flag.
- To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
- To protect the Sovereignty, unity and integrity.
- To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
- To boost harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious linguistic and regional or sectional diversities.
- To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
- To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have love for living things.
- To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
- To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
- To strive for excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of' endeavour and achievement.