Home visit is an important tool used by the case worker for gathering information about client. The foundation for providing home based care by trained home visitor was laid by Florence Nightingale. Three terms are frequently used to describe the rationale for home visits : empowerment, enablement and enhancement. Empowerment can be described as facilitating or maintaining the client or families abilities to define its goal and make its own decisions. Enhancement indicates the concept of building upon strengths that already exists, and enablement suggests helping families locate resources that can facilitate the families own decision. According to Cameron (1961)-“In a few minutes in home, an experienced observer can gain more pertinent information about the client and his environment than can be gained during hours of probing in an office.”
In social case work sometimes when a different type of worker or therapy is required to achieve the final goals of treatment or when the worker and the client find it difficult to move to or assume new responsibility. The case may be referred to some other agency, case worker or therapist. In referral the helping process continues but the contact with a particular case worker terminates. Before, referral case worker should make preparation.
- explaining the reasons for referral
- tackling of the positive and negative feeling involved in referral process
- tackling separation anxiety in one or the session
- handling the questions factually
- Preparing the client for a new contact.