National Shelter Policy & Shelter Programs
National Policy on Shelter 1998
Housing is a state subject. A comprehensive housing and habitat policy 1998 had been formulated to address the issue of sustainable development, infrastructure and for strong public and private partnership for shelter delivery.
The objectives of the policy are to create surplus in housing stock by creating a conducive environment and facilitate construction of two million additional dwelling unit each year. It also seeks to ensure that housing along with supportive services is treated as priority sector at par with the infrastructure problem.
Major Government Programs related to Shelter:-National Building Organization
The national building organization has been functioning as an apex organization in the country for collection, tabulation and dissemination of statistical information on housing and building construction activities since 1954
Housing and Urban Development Cooperation (HUDCO)
HUDCO is the premier techno financing institution in the field of housing and urban development sector in India. It was established on April 25, 1970 as wholly owned government company with the objective of providing long term finance and undertaking housing and urban infrastructures development program.
Jawahar Lal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JLNURM)
The Jawahar Lal Nehru urban renewal mission was launched on 3rd December 2005. The mission comprises two sub mission one for basic services to the urban poor and other for urban infrastructure and governance.
Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY)
In pursuance of government’s vision of creating slum free India, a new scheme Rajiv Awas Yojana has been launched on 2nd June 2011. The scheme is expected to cover about 250 cities, across the entire country by the end of the 12th plan (2017). This centrally sponsored scheme will provide financial assistance to states that are willing to assign the property rights to slum dwellers for provisions of decent shelter and basic civic and social services for slum redevelopment and for creation of affordable housing stock.