National Youth Policy & Programs
Youth represents the most vibrant part of the society. They play a pivotal role in the socio-economic changes and development in the society. In our country youth forms nearly 40 percent of the total population. Government of India has been implementing several programs for them. National Youth Policy – Formulated in 1988, the main objective of the policy are to instill in youth respect for the principles and values enshrined in constitution, to promote an awareness of historical heritage, to help develop scientific temper and the quality of discipline, self reliance, justice and fair play, and to provide them access to education in addition to developing their personality. It also aims making the youth conscious of implementing issues and involving them in promoting world peace and just international economic order.
The national youth policy, 2003 recognizes training and employment, health and family welfare and education as key sectors of concerns for youth. The national youth policy, 2003 also envisages youth empowerment as one of the thrust area.
Draft National Youth Policy, 2012
The draft national youth policy, 2012 is first of its kind as it recognizes that youth is not a homogeneous group and has numerous differentials based on habitate, environment, socio-economic status of their families and their own life styles. In addition the draft policy proposes to change the target age group from the existing 13-35 years to 16-30 years.
The target groups identified under the draft policy are :- (1) Student youth, (2) Migrant youth, (3) Rural youth, (4) Tribal youth, (5) Youth at risk, (6) Youth in violent conflict, (7) Dropouts, (8) Youth with social, moral stigma, (9) Youth in institutional care, youth women, youth belonging to social and economically disadvantaged communities and differently able youth.The draft national youth policy, 2012 has observable indicators under five domains. Accordingly, youth development index will include the indices viz. youth health index, youth education index, youth work index, youth amenities index, youth participation index.
National service scheme has the objective to develop character and personality of student youth in school and college. The scheme was launched during the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi in 1969.
National Commission for Youth
Set up on 15th March, 2002. The commission comprises of chairman and five members and the member secretary will study the areas of concerns for the youth in the country with particularly focus on the problems of youth such as unemployment etc.
It is a autonomous organization of government of India has its office in more than 500 district of the country. Rural youth enrolled in this club through youth club. These youth club working in the area of education and training, awareness generation, skill development and self employment, entrepreneurial development etc.
Every year beginning from 12th January which is the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, a five day long youth festival is held at selected place.
National Youth Awards
National youth awards are given every year to 25 young people and voluntary organization for their excellent work in the field of social development.