Poverty is not only a challenge for India, as more than one fifth of the world poor live in India alone, but also for the world, where more than 260 million poverty are not been able to meet their basic needs. Poverty has many faces, which have been changing from place to place and across time and has been described in many ways. Most often poverty is a situation that people want to escape. In all localities and neighbrurhoods, both in rural and urban areas, there are some who are poor and some who are such. There are many people who belong to this category such as push cast vendors, street cobblers, rag pickers; Vendors beggars are some examples of poor and vulnerable groups in urban areas. They possess few assets. They reside in Kutcha helmets; the poorest of them do not have even such dwelling. Two scholars, shaheem Rafi Khan and Damian killer put the conditions of the poor in a nutshell:
“Poverty is hunger, poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor, poverty is not been able to go to school and not knowing how to read, poverty is not having job. Poverty is fear for the future, having food once in a day. Poverty is losing a child to illness, brought about by unclear water, poverty is powerlessness, lack of representation and freedom”.
Categorizing Poverty :-There are many ways to categories poverty. In one such way people who are always poor and those who are usually poor but who many sometimes have a little more money (example casual workers) and grouped together as the chronic poor. Another group is the churning poor who regularly move in and out of poverty (example-small farmers and seasonal workers) and the occasionally poor who are rich most of the time but may sometimes have a patch of bad luck and then, those who are never poor and they are non poor.
The poverty line –
There and many ways of measuring poverty one way is to determine it by the monetary value (per capita expenditure, of the minimum calorie intake that was estimated at 2,400 calories for a rural person and 2,100 for a person in the urban area based on this in 1999-2000, the poverty line was defined for rural areas as consumption worth Rs. 328 per person a month and for urban areas it was Rs. 454.